Short Term Effects:

  • Chronic Congestion
  • Chronic Sinusitis 

Long Term Effects:

  • šHeart Defects
  • šCongenital Heart Disease
  • šPrimary Ciliary Dyskinesia (PCD): 1/4 of the patients with Situs Inversus can also have a condition affecting the cilia, causing it to beat backwards. This condition, PCD, can result in patients being very susceptible to various illnesses throughout their life, such as pneumonia. In rare cases, PCD can also cause infertility. 
  • šKartagener's Syndrome: Kartagener's Syndrome results when Situs Inversus Totalis and Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia occur together at birth. The condition can result in chronic sinusitis, increased mucus secretions from the lungs, increased susceptibility to respiratory infections and bronchiectasis. 
  • Various Lung Infections: Situs Inversus Totalis patients can have an increased susceptibility to lung infections with a cilia dysfunction. As a reminder, the cilia are responsible for clearing mucus from the lungs. 
 Source of Picture: http://www.nature.com/nrneph/journal/v6/n9/fig_tab/nrneph.2010.97_F3.html  The movement of the cilia is backwards in Situs Inversus Totalis and Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia.  

 Source of Picture: http://www.nature.com/nrneph/journal/v6/n9/fig_tab/nrneph.2010.97_F3.html 

The movement of the cilia is backwards in Situs Inversus Totalis and Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia.