Short Term Effects:
- Chronic Congestion
- Chronic Sinusitis
Long Term Effects:
- Heart Defects
- Congenital Heart Disease
- Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia (PCD): 1/4 of the patients with Situs Inversus can also have a condition affecting the cilia, causing it to beat backwards. This condition, PCD, can result in patients being very susceptible to various illnesses throughout their life, such as pneumonia. In rare cases, PCD can also cause infertility.
- Kartagener's Syndrome: Kartagener's Syndrome results when Situs Inversus Totalis and Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia occur together at birth. The condition can result in chronic sinusitis, increased mucus secretions from the lungs, increased susceptibility to respiratory infections and bronchiectasis.
- Various Lung Infections: Situs Inversus Totalis patients can have an increased susceptibility to lung infections with a cilia dysfunction. As a reminder, the cilia are responsible for clearing mucus from the lungs.